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Color Me Suprised [May. 20th, 2009|05:27 pm]
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Hello! As you may or may not know, in addition to drawing comics here I also color another excellent online comic, The Adventures of Dr. McNinja. I have had that job for a few months now and have gradually developed a certain routine, so I thought I would share it. This way, anyone who is interested can copy my style exactly and pretend to be me. Read on to learn my secrets!

(NOTE: Of course, there are dozens of different ways to color, and several different ways to accomplish any one goal . I’ll be showing you my technique, but it is by no means the best or only way.)

First things first: we start with lineart. As far as McNinja goes, Chris Hastings (writer, artist) will pencil the page and send it to Kent Archer (inker, kickboxer), who inks it, scans it, and sends the files back to Chris (hockey champ). Chris (terror of the deep) will then clean up the linework, letter it, and send the file to Anthony (television enthusiast, me). Chris will helpfully include notes for special effects or lighting, such as “this torch is on fire,” or “make sure the lighting captures Doc’s memories of lost love.”

For the purposes of this demonstration, I will not be using a Dr. McNinja page, as I don’t want to spoil the upcoming “he was dead the whole time” twist. Instead, I will be using a page from my own critically-acclaimed and largely inaccurate comic biography of Owen Wilson.

So, here is the lineart we will be starting with:

Now, when I say Chris “cleans up” the linework, what I mean is that he adjusts the levels until it is pure black and white; no grays. It is important to have pure black-and-white, high-resolution linework for clean printing. Here is a close-up to illustrate my point:

I actually drew this page digitally, but if I hadn’t, the lineart would be on the background layer. But I want it on its own separate layer! This is easy enough to do, though. If your lineart is pure black-and-white, you can simply use the Magic Wand tool, make sure “continguous” is not checked, and select a black area. This will make a selection of all the black lineart. Then just create a new layer, choose black as your color, and Alt + Backspace to fill.

I fill the area outside the panels with white and put that layer above the rest, so I can color with reckless abandon and it won’t show up outside the panel borders. I make a new layer under the lineart and fill it with a color so I’m not working against pure white. In this case I use a low-saturation, mid-brightness blue, which will also be a predominant color in the image as the page takes place in the Cave of Trials.

Now, the first step to coloring is doing the flats. This means filling every significant area with a flat, solid color. This is an important step but it is also the most tedious.

There are several ways to go about this, and if your linework is mostly simple with lots of closed lines there are plugins that can help a lot, but for this tutorial I will be using the Lasso tool. Simply drag the lasso around what you want to flat and then fill it with Alt + Backspace.

NOTE: when using the Lasso, uncheck the Anti-Aliasing option. This will ensure that you get clean edges and make selecting areas later a breeze.

I tend to make a separate layer for each character to make lighting easier, but it’s not always necessary. You can use your judgment on this. Anyway, as you can see, I have filled the entire shape of Owen’s silhouette and then locked the transparency of the layer. Now I can go back in and select individual elements (hair, shirt, winning smile) without worrying about the outer contours again.

I have continued in this fashion to flat Owen in the third panel, wearing his speed-pants.

…and I have done the same for Killzang the Terrible and Fearsome, and for the lava light in the background.

Now we’re done with flats! That wasn’t so bad. If the page is complicated this can take a long time but don’t give up. Believe in yourself and you will persevere.

Next! I create a layer above the background layer, fill it with my shadow color (in this case, a similar blue to that used in the cave wall), set it to Multiply and drop the opacity to around 60%. Then I make a copy of this layer above my Owen layer, and another copy above the Killzang layer. Now, I hold Alt and click on the line between the Owen layer and the Multiply layer above him. This sets the Multiply layer as a clipping mask to the layer below it. What this means is that the Multiply layer will only be visible in areas where the layer below it is visible (in this case, only on Owen, not on the background). Do the same for the layer above Killzang. I also do this for the layer above the Background layer, but it is not necessary because the Background takes up the entire screen.

Now the fun starts. Make another layer above the Owen Multiply layer. Set it to Screen, opacity around 50%, and make it into a clipping mask for the Owen layer.

Decide where your light is coming from and what color it will be. In this panel it is coming from the lava below and is a warm orange. Use the Lasso tool to select the area where the light will fall:

Then select a large, soft-edged airbrush, set the Flow pretty low (maybe 20% or so) and softly brush in the light, getting a little stronger the closer you are to the light. It’s okay if this layer is pretty subtle; we’ll be adding more next.

Now make another Screen layer, with a higher opacity (around 70%), and use the same technique to add some stronger highlights. Try to make shapes that bring out the form of the object you are coloring.

That’s pretty much all there is to it. The beauty of the clipping masks is that you make broad shapes around the outsides of your characters and it won’t matter:

So: each character has a few layers. One layer for flats (the main layer), a layer for shadows, a layer for light, and a layer for stronger highlights (all set as clipping masks to the flats layer). You can add more highlight layers if necessary, but be careful not to over-render.

Here’s what the page looks like now:

Now let’s do some effects. Obviously, because Killzang has consumed the Fire of Inestimable Wrath, we need to make his little lights light up. I create a new layer and set it to Linear Dodge. This layer is above the lineart layer so that the color will “glow” over the lines. Now, using the same soft airbrush used for highlights, I choose a bright yellow and softly brush over the terrible robot lord’s eyes, hand lights, and chest-mounted particle smasher.

We also need to make Owen’s Blade of Triumphant Victory glow in harmony with its wielder’s luminous spirit. Lock the transparency of the Lineart layer and color over the blade with a bright blue.

Then add some glow on a Linear Dodge layer (you can use the same layer you used for Killzang’s eyes and junk).

So, everything’s looking good, right? At this point, if this were Dr. McNinja, I’d save a copy of the page and send it to Chris for approval. He would reply with whatever needs to be changed; something like, “you forgot that the temple guard needs to be rusty and corroded,” or, “I have told you several times, Dr. McNinja is not African-American.” In this case I sent the page to myself and then told me that I forgot Ghosty the Spectral Dog, Owen’s amicable spirit guide.

I pop in a new layer and draw Ghosty in an eerie light blue.

Then I make a layer below that one and fill Ghosty with an ethereal blue, then drop the opacity so he is see-through, which is scary:

Then I copy the lines layer and apply a Gaussican Blur to make it “glow,” and merge all thee dog layers together.

That’s it! Those are most of the tricks I use. Here’s what I ended up with:

I hope this was pretty clear. If you have any questions about anything I did here, feel free to ask in the livejournal entry comments. Have fun and happy coloring!

PERHAPS YOU ARE ALSO INTERESTED IN THESE COMMENTS:
Some information on cleaning up linework and putting it on its own layer

Some people much more knowledgable than me discuss layer blending modes

LinkReply

Comments:
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[User Picture]From: shuraiya
2009-05-20 10:33 pm (UTC)

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That was very informative!
[User Picture]From: fenmere
2009-05-20 10:34 pm (UTC)

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Excellent! You use some tricks that I never thought of and I will have to put them into effect immediately. Thank you!
[User Picture]From: nedroidcomics
2009-05-20 10:36 pm (UTC)

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Great! I was hoping some of this would be new to someone.
[User Picture]From: plaidavenger
2009-05-20 10:38 pm (UTC)

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This is extremely helpful! I will be trying this out this weekend.
From: sateenduralux
2009-05-20 10:38 pm (UTC)

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excellent tutorial!
thnx for sharing what you know:, really helpful)
[User Picture]From: whirringblender
2009-05-20 10:44 pm (UTC)

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Chris used to tell me all the time to "stop making Doc black", but I found that if you nibble on his ear and scratch his belly he'll let you do basically whatever you want.
[User Picture]From: nedroidcomics
2009-05-20 10:49 pm (UTC)

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You're both going to wish you never told me that!
[User Picture]From: drhastings
2009-05-20 10:44 pm (UTC)

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Is that all there is to it?! Well, hell, *I* can do that!

You're fired.
[User Picture]From: whirringblender
2009-05-20 10:45 pm (UTC)

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Um...(rubs Chris's belly) RUN ANTHONY. RUN FOR YOUR LIFE.
[User Picture]From: emmycic
2009-05-20 10:47 pm (UTC)

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This is hauntingly amazing, yo
[User Picture]From: emmycic
2009-05-20 10:49 pm (UTC)

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Also, I read the script to your Owen comic you sent, and I just think the scene with Owen Wilson and Antonio Clarcksen has just too much sexual tension for the big screen. I really think you should edit it to make it just a tiny bit more PG-13 before pitching it. S'all I'm sayin'!
[User Picture]From: badhandshakes
2009-05-20 10:47 pm (UTC)

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Good stuff! I'm so backward when it comes to anything digital, it gives me the fear. But I got a tablet recently, and I'm hoping to have a fiddle around... I shall use your tips.
[User Picture]From: megacoleman
2009-05-20 11:00 pm (UTC)

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Thanks! I learned some stuff and some things!
[User Picture]From: batphantom
2009-05-20 11:10 pm (UTC)

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I was going to make the obvious "I would totally read the True Life Adventures Of Owen Wilson And Ghosty The Spectral Dog" post but I'm not going to make such a statement, given its obviousity and inevitableness.

Even your random examples exude awesomeness.
[User Picture]From: tony_dot_bmp
2009-05-20 11:54 pm (UTC)

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oh no you just did!
From: fredfrances
2009-05-20 11:12 pm (UTC)

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man, i'd like to read this whole comic.
[User Picture]From: disclaimerwill
2009-05-20 11:17 pm (UTC)

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Wow, thanks very much! Lots of great information in there, and fun to read!
[User Picture]From: westival
2009-05-20 11:25 pm (UTC)

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Someone stepped on poor Owen Wilson's nose: God.
[User Picture]From: affectionjunkie
2009-05-21 03:46 am (UTC)

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only because Owen was too perfect a creature that people would not be able to look at him without bursting into tears of sheer joy. God stepped on his nose so us mere mortals could lay our eyes upon him and enjoy his wide range of cinematic masterpieces.
[User Picture]From: zarahemla
2009-05-20 11:31 pm (UTC)

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I have no idea what just went on up there, but it was hugely entertaining. I may have done some sound effects.
[User Picture]From: ztoical
2009-05-20 11:50 pm (UTC)

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very interesting..thanks for sharing!
From: registered99
2009-05-20 11:59 pm (UTC)

CLEAR

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Hi,
It's very clear, and I like that it's very clear.
If I had not followed you on Twitter, it's likely I would have never seen this post, and found out about the Lock Transparency feature. It's bad, I think, that I don't know about it; It would have been especially useful for AP Art this past year.
Thank you very much Sir.
[User Picture]From: wykery
2009-05-21 12:06 am (UTC)

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I was worried this was just going to be Party Cat baking a cake behind the cut, but this looks to be super helpful for those of us still mystified by some of the workings of Photoshop (time travelers/people in 1998, grandparents, me). THX D00D!!1!1!

[User Picture]From: tscheese
2009-05-21 12:14 am (UTC)

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This is amazing. Thank you so much! I'm pleasantly surprised to learn that these are a lot of things that I was already doing in my own work, but you threw some interesting twists into them.

I was especially pleased to learn a little more about your Linear Dodge trickery for impressive glowy lighting. Thank you again for posting this.
[User Picture]From: tjay616
2009-05-21 09:44 am (UTC)

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roflicon
[User Picture]From: line_nutrients
2009-05-21 12:15 am (UTC)

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I am glad this post was posted. Thanks, poster, for posting this post.

I'm still a little confused as to what the Multiply function is for, but then again, I always have been. And always will be. Forever.
[User Picture]From: line_nutrients
2009-05-21 12:28 am (UTC)

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Oh, and how is a Linear Dodge layer different than a regular layer if you're using the airbrush tool for glowy stuff?
(no subject) - (Anonymous) Expand
[User Picture]From: mardito
2009-05-21 12:25 am (UTC)

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Dr Mcninja is now in living colors? wow, need to lurk moar. o.o
[User Picture]From: nedroidcomics
2009-05-21 12:47 am (UTC)

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It's only been in color since, oh... August of last year. So now would be a good time to catch up!
[User Picture]From: tony_dot_bmp
2009-05-21 12:49 am (UTC)

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Hey thanks so much for posting this. It is very helpful and some other things too.

I really only have experience with Microsoft Paint and online programs like Facebook Graffiti and iScribble so this is all very new to me. I don't have photoshop but I recently downloaded GIMP and hopefully it's an adequate substitute. It's been working out so far (I am not very far) except the interface is a little different with some things. But that is why Zeus invented Exploration and Internet Tutorials.

I'm actually going through and doing it step-by-step so I can learn better, and it took me over an hour just to get this far:



but I've already learned a ton. You have made it simple and easy to understand, which is awesome. Thanks again

Now I have to go do Real World things. Hopefully I can finish it tomorrow.
[User Picture]From: nedroidcomics
2009-05-21 12:56 am (UTC)

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Nice! It looks like it's working well. I have no experience with GIMP but I'm sure you can get results that are just the same.
[User Picture]From: feebsicle
2009-05-21 12:56 am (UTC)

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thank you! i like learns.
[User Picture]From: zimbloggy
2009-05-21 01:00 am (UTC)

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I was just thinking a couple of hours ago something along the lines of, "Gee, I wonder how Anthony colors dr. mcninja!" And now I have an idea. I am just getting into these kinds of programs like photoshop and illustrator (here at home I just have the open source ones, Inkscape and Gimp, which seems to be able to do all those thing that you showed), and only for graphic design. I already have a comic series though and am considering getting more seriously into the digital drawing world. Thanks for the inspiration!!
[User Picture]From: tedprior
2009-05-21 01:29 am (UTC)

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Thanks Anthony, I would like to be a better colourerer, and I might just give this a shot!
[User Picture]From: monstermeow
2009-05-21 02:17 am (UTC)

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totally added to my memories in case I ever start drawing again... thank you!!
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